Monday, March 11, 2019

Time Line of The Civil War, 1863 when the Dixie School District was created

The Dixie School District was named on November 3, 1863.
Two weeks later, President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
  • A little historical perspective is needed to illustrate why naming our school District "Dixie" is inappropriate"

  • Time Line of The Civil War, 1863

  • January 1, 1863: Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect. This frees all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery. January 2, 1863: Battle of Murfreesboro continues along the banks of the Stone’s River in Tennessee. Battle of Stones River ends. January 9, 1863: Battle of Arkansas Post. January 11, 1863: Battle of Arkansas Post ends. January 31, 1863: Confederate ironclads temporarily break the blockade at Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. March 3, 1863: The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute. April 2, 1863: Bread riots in Richmond, Virginia. April 24, 1863: Confederate government passes a tax in-kind on one-tenth of all produce. April 30, 1863: Battle of Days’ Gap. May 1, 1863: Battle of Chancellorsville begins in Virginia. Battle of Port Gibson. Battle of Chalk Bluff. May 2, 1863: Stonewall Jackson is accidentally shot. Battle of Chalk Bluff ends. May 3, 1863: General Joseph Hooker and the Army of the Potomac abandon a key hill on the Chancellorsville battlefield. . Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13,000 out of 60,000. May 10, 1863: Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson dies. May 12, 1863: Battle of Raymond. May 13, 1863: Union General Ulysses S. Grant advances toward the Mississippi capital of Jackson during his bold and daring drive to take Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. May 16, 1863: Battle of Champion’s Hill, Mississippi: The Union army seals the fate of Vicksburg May 18, 1863: The siege of Vicksburg commences Union General Ulysses S. Grant surrounds Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, in one of the most brilliant campaigns of the war. May 21, 1863: Battle of Port Hudson (Siege of) May 28, 1863: 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry leaves for action. This is the first fully trained black regiment in the Union army. June 3, 1863: General Lee with 75,000 Confederates launches his second invasion of the North, heading into Pennsylvania in a campaign that will soon lead to Gettysburg. June 9, 1863: Battle of Brandy Station. June 14, 1863: Battle of Second Winchester: A small Union garrison in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia, is easily defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia on the path of the Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania. June 28, 1863: President Lincoln appoints General George G. Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Hooker. Meade is the 5th man to command the Army in less than a year. July 1, 1863: The Battle of Gettysburg begins when Union and Confederate forces collide at Gettysburg. The epic battle lasted three days and resulted in a retreat to Virginia by Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. July 2, 1863: The second day of battle at Gettysburg General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia attacks General George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac at both Culp’s Hill and Little Round Top, but fails to move the Yankees from their positions. July 3, 1863: Pickett leads his infamous charge at Gettysburg Troops
  • The failed attack effectively ended the battle of Gettysburg. On July 4, Lee began to withdraw his forces to Virginia. The casualties for both armies were staggering. Lee lost 28,000 of his 75,000 soldiers, and Union losses stood at over 22,000. It was the last time Lee threatened Northern territory. LEE DEFEATED AT GETTYSBURG: On the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s last attempt at breaking the Union line ends in disastrous failure, bringing the most decisive battle of the War For Southern Independence to an end. Many observers recall this day as the "high water mark of the Confederacy." July 4, 1863: Surrender of Vicksburg The Confederacy is torn in two July 9, 1863: Surrender of Port Hudson, Louisiana, July 15, 1863: Draft riots continue to rock New York City Discontent simmered until the draft began among the Irish New Yorkers on July 11. Two days later, a mob burned the draft office, triggering nearly five days of violence. At first, the targets included local newspapers, wealthy homes, well-dressed men, and police officers, but the crowd’s attention soon turned to African Americans. Several blacks were lynched, and businesses employing blacks were burned. A black orphanage was also burned, but the children escaped. Not until July 17 was the violence contained by the arrival of Union troops, some fresh from the battlefield at Gettysburg. More than 1,000 died and property damage topped $2 million. The draft was temporarily suspended, and a revised conscription began in August. As a result of the riots and the delicate political balance in the city, relatively few New Yorkers were forced to serve in the Union army. July 17, 1863: Battle of Honey Springs. July 18, 1863: 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry attempts an assault of Battery Wagner outside Charleston, South Carolina. July 19, 1863: Morgan’s raiders defeated at Buffington Island: . August 8, 1863: In the aftermath of his defeat at Gettysburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. The letter came more than a month after Lee’s retreat from Pennsylvania. At first, many people in the South wondered if in fact Lee had lost the battle. Lee’s intent had been to drive the Union army from Virginia, which he did. The Army of the Potomac suffered over 28,000 casualties, and the Union army’s offensive capabilities were temporarily disabled. But the Army of Northern Virginia absorbed 23,000 casualties, nearly one-third of its total. September 1, 1863: Battle of Devil’s Backbone. September 10, 1863: Battle of Bayou Fourche. September 19, 1863: Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia. A decisive Confederate victory by General Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee left General William S. Rosecrans’ Union Army of the Cumberland trapped in Chattanooga under Confederate siege. October 14, 1863: Battle of Bristoe Station. October 15, 1863: C.S.S. Hunley sinks during tests. The C.S.S. Hunley, the first successful submarine, sinks during a test run, killing its inventor and seven crewmembers. October 16, 1863 The president appoints General Grant to command all operations in the Western theater. October 25, 1863: Battle of Pine Bluff. November 3, 1863, the Board of Supervisors formally established the “Dixie Public School District”, making Dixie one of the earliest districts to be established in Marin. November 19, 1863: President Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address. The address was two minutes long, and took place at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery. November 23, 1863: Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee. The Rebel siege of Chattanooga ends November 27, 1863: Battle of Ringgold Gap. Battle of Mine Run.

  • EDITOR'S Note: Dixie School district was named "Dixie" during horrible events in 1863 that tore us apart as a nation. We barely survived. It is for this reason we should find a better name for our beloved school district for the future.

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